Revenue:In the earlier days land revenue and abiana were major source of revenue and the timely collection of Land Revenue & Abiana is one of his major responsibility.
He is the appellate as well as the revisional authority under the Punjab Land Revenue Act, the Punjab Tenancy Act and several other acts and rules. The Commissioner has appelate power under the various acts. The act-wise position is discussued as below:
Northern India Canal & Drainage Act,1873 :- appeal lies under section 9 of the Act.
The Punjab Land Revenue Act,1887:- Appeals of Partition, Mutations, Correction of Khasra Girdawari and Lambardari etc. lies under section 13 and revision petition lies under section 16 of the Act.
Indian Stamp Act,1899:- As per Financial Commissioner's Ruling PLR 1970 page 438 an appeal lies.
The Punjab Tenancy Act,1887:- Appeals of recovery of rent and ejectment lie under section 80 and revision petition lie u/s 84 of the Act.
East Punjab Refugees Rehabilitation Building and Building Sites Act,1948:- An appeal lies under section 12 of the Act.
East Punjab Utilisation of Lands Act, 1949:- Under section 13 of the Act an appeal lies.
Punjab Security Of Land Tenures Act,1953:- Under Section 24 of the Act an appeal lies.
Punjab Tenancy and Agriculture Lands Act,1956:- Under section 39 at appeal/revision lies.
Indian Arms Act,1959:- Under Section 18 of the Arms Act, 1959 an appeal lies.
New Mandi Townships Act,1960:- An appeal lies under section 15 of the Act.
Village Common Lands (Regulation) Act,1961:- Under Section 7 (2) of the Act an appeal lies.
Punjab Land Reforms Act,1972:- Under Section 18 of the Punjab Land Reforms Act, an appeal lies
Punjab Public Premises and Land (Eviction and Rent Recovery) Act,1973:- An appeal lies under section 9 of the Act.
Punjab Municipal Corporation Act,1976:- Appeal lies under section 146 of the Act, in House-Tax/ Octroi-Tax cases.
Punjab Package Deal:- Properties (Disposal) Act,1976. Petition under sections 10 (4) and 15 (2) of the Act lie.
Urban Land (Ceiling & Regulations) Act, 1976:- Under section 33 of the Act an appeal lies in respect of orders passed u/s 26, 12 (4) and 30 (2) of the Act, before Commissioner as Tribunal.
Nazul Land Rules:- Under rule 3 (1) as amended to Notification dated 9.6.1986 an appeal lies.
Inferior Evacuee Lands Rules:- As per Govt.letter No.7841-JR 4/IV/61/2699, dated 29.8.1961 an appeal lies.
Punjab Document Writers Licencing Rules,1961:- Under Rule 16 of the Rules an appeal lies.
Service Appeals:- Under rule 15 of the Punjab punishment and Appeal Rules,1970, an appeal lies.
Chaukidara Rules,1965:- An appeal lies as per ruling 1982 PLJ page 454.
Arbitration Act, 1940:-References under section 20 of the Act are entertained by the Commissioner as Arbitrator.
The Punjab Panchayat Samiti & Zila Parishad:- Services, Rules,1964. An appeal lies under rule 7 (2) of the Panchayat Simiti & Zila Parishad Service Rules, 1964.
Under section 13 of the Punjab Land Revenue Act, he enjoys the right to hear appeals against the orders of the Deputy Commissioner.
Under section 15, he has the right to review the decisions of the Deputy Commissioners.
Under section 16, he has been given the power to call for examination any document and review the proceedings before any revenue officer of the division.
Appeals can be filed in the court of Financial Commissioners against the orders of the Commissioner.
Development Functions or Activities:
Since the inauguration of five year plans, the attention of Central and State Governments are directed to the activities for the development in the various fields. Thus in the recent years, the powers and the functions of the Commissioner have been greatly increased. The Commissioner is expected to play a very important role in this sphere. He sees to it that various organisations and departments which have been entrusted with the execution and completion of certain projects carry out their part of the work in the specified time with due efficiency and proper care. He supervises those works which have been started under the Community Development Programme or National Extension Schemes. Since five year plans have become a very essential part of the socio-economic life of the Indian people, the work of Commissioner in this field has become very vital.
Municipal and Local Administrative Powers:
The Commissioner exercises administrative powers under the various acts i.e. the Punjab Municipal Act, Punjab Zila Prishads & Panchayat Samities Act, etc. He makes efforts for the successful functioning of panchayats under the Panchayati Raj Scheme. He also takes steps for the coordination of the work of elected representatives and the Govt. Officers. He makes efforts for the successful and fruitful working of Local Self, Govt. Institutions.
According to the Punjab State Municipal Act he has to perform many functions. Some of these may be mentioned here:-
- He gives sanction for the expenditure of money for those areas, which are beyond municipal limits.
- If there is a dispute between two municipalities of two different districts, he gives his decision.
- He gives sanction to the budget of the Municipalities of A category (Class).